Agricultural Prices by NASS & USDA

Agricultural Prices ISSN: 1937-4216 Released September 27, 2013, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Special Note USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service is suspending a number of statistical surveys and reports for the remainder of the fiscal year resulting from reduced funding. Suspended commodity programs impacting the Agricultural Prices report are non-citrus fruit, tree nuts, vegetables, and milk cow replacement prices. Check the NASS website at http://www.nass.usda.gov for any future updates to these programs September Farm Prices Received Index Declined 4 Points The preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in September, at 185 percent, based on 1990-1992=100, decreased 4 points (2.1 percent) from August. The Crop Index is down 8 points (3.7 percent) and the Livestock Index decreased 1 point (0.6 percent). Producers received lower prices for corn, hogs, and wheat and higher prices for calves, milk, and cattle. In addition to prices, the overall index is also affected by the seasonal change based on a 3-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly movement of soybeans, corn, potatoes, and hogs offset the decreased marketing of wheat, cattle, cotton, and broilers. The preliminary All Farm Products Index is down 10 points (5.1 percent) from September 2012. The Food Commodities Index, at 181, is unchanged from last month but decreased 1 point (0.5 percent) from September 2012. Prices Paid Index Down 3 Points The September Index of Prices Paid for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW) is 213 percent of the 1990-1992 average. The index is down 3 points (-1.4 percent) from August and 4 points (-1.8 percent) below September 2012. Lower prices in September for concentrates, nitrogen, feed grains, and mixed fertilizer offset higher prices for feeder cattle, diesel, LP gas, and feeder pigs. Prices Received, Prices Paid, and Ratio of Prices Received to Prices Paid Indexes 1990-1992 Base – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ———————————————————————————— : September : August : September Index :—————————————– : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ———————————————————————————— : Prices received by farmers ……………: 195 189 185 : Prices paid by farmers ……………….: 217 216 213 : Ratio of prices received to prices paid ..: 90 88 87 ———————————————————————————— Contents Prices Received by Farmers……………………………………………………………………….. 4 Prices Received Indexes – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………………………. 5 Prices Received and Prices Paid Indexes by Month for Selected Groups – United States: 2012 and 2013, 1990-1992 Base……………………………………………………………………………….. 5 Received Indexes by Month, Livestock Products, All Products, and All Crops – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………………………………………… 6 Received Indexes by Month, Food Grains, Feed Grains & Hay, and Oilseeds – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………………………………………… 6 Received Indexes by Month, Fruit & Nut and Commercial Vegetables – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………………………………………… 7 Received Indexes by Month, Meat Animal, Dairy Products, and Poultry & Eggs – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………………………………………… 7 Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………… 8 Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………. 9 Prices Received for Corn by Month – United States Chart……………………………………………… 10 Prices Received for Wheat by Month – United States Chart…………………………………………….. 10 Prices Received for Cotton by Month – United States Chart……………………………………………. 11 Prices Received for Soybeans by Month – United States Chart………………………………………….. 11 Prices Received for Cattle by Month – United States Chart……………………………………………. 12 Prices Received for Milk by Month – United States Chart……………………………………………… 12 Prices Received for Hogs by Month – United States Chart……………………………………………… 13 Prices Received for Poultry by Month – United States Chart…………………………………………… 13 Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month – United States: 2013 with Comparisons………… 14 Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month – United States: 2013 with Comparisons…………….. 14 Prices Received for All Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………….. 15 Prices Received for Winter Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons…………….. 15 Prices Received for Durum Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………… 16 Prices Received for Spring Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons…………….. 16 Prices Received for All Barley – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………. 17 Prices Received for Malting Barley – States: September 2013 with Comparisons…………………………… 17 Prices Received for Feed Barley – States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………………………… 17 Prices Received for Corn – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………………. 18 Prices Received for Soybeans – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………… 18 Prices Received for Oats – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………………. 19 Prices Received for Sorghum Grain – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………. 19 Prices Received for Dry Beans – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………….. 20 Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……….. 20 Prices Received for Sunflower – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………….. 21 Prices Received for Canola – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………….. 21 Prices Received for Flaxseed – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………… 21 Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………………………………………………………………………… 22 Prices Received and Farm Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………………………………………………………………………… 22 Prices Received for Hay by Type – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………… 23 Prices Received for Apples – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………….. 23 Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: September 2012……………… 24 Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: August 2013………………… 25 Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: September 2013……………… 26 Prices Received for Potatoes – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………… 27 Prices Received for All Milk – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………… 28 Prices Received for Milk Cows – States and United States: July 2013 with Comparisons……………………. 29 Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………………………………………………………………………… 30 Commodity Parity Prices – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………………………. 31 Marketing Year for Specified Commodities…………………………………………………………… 33 Dry Edible Peas Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012…………………………………………………………………………………. 34 Austrian Winter Peas Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012…………………………………………………………………………………. 34 Lentils Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012…. 34 Lentils Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013…………………………………………………………………………….. 35 Dry Edible Peas Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013…………………………………………………………………………….. 35 Austrian Winter Peas Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013……………………………………………………………………. 36 Corn Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013…………………………………………………………………………….. 36 Sorghum Grain Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012…………………………………………………………………………………. 37 Sorghum Grain Farm Marketing Percent by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013………………………………………………………………………………… 37 Sorghum Grain Prices Received by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013………………………………………………………………………………… 38 Soybean Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012…. 40 Soybean Prices Received by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013……… 41 Soybean Farm Marketing Percent by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013………………………………………………………………………………… 43 Reliability of Prices Received Estimates…………………………………………………………… 44 Prices Paid by Farmers…………………………………………………………………………… 45 Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons…………… 46 Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………………………………………………………… 47 Paid Indexes by Month, All Items and Production Items – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………………………………………… 48 Paid Indexes, Annual Averages, Production Items, Interest, Taxes, and Wages – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………………………………………… 48 Paid Indexes by Farm Type, All Items – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………… 49 Paid Indexes by Origin, All Production Items – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart………………………. 49 Paid Indexes by Non-Farm Sector, Supplies & Repairs, Fertilizer, Machinery, and Fuel – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart……………………………………………………………… 50 Paid Indexes by Month, Feed and Replacement Livestock – United States: 1990-1992=100 Chart………………. 50 Feed Price Ratios – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……………………………………. 51 Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons……… 51 Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons………………………. 51 Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates………………………………………………………………. 52 Information Contacts…………………………………………………………………………….. 53 Prices Received by Farmers The September All Farm Products Index is 185 percent of its 1990-1992 base, down 2.1 percent from the August index and 5.1 percent below the September 2012 index. All crops: The September index, at 206, decreased 3.7 percent from August and is 9.3 percent below September 2012. Index decreases for feed grains & hay and commercial vegetables more than offset the index increases for fruits & nuts and oilseeds. Food grains: The September index, at 228, is down 1.3 percent from the previous month and 14 percent below a year ago. The September price for all wheat, at $6.75 per bushel, is down 12 cents from August and $1.52 below September 2012. Feed grains & hay: The September index, at 230, declined 13 percent from last month and is 21 percent below a year ago. The corn price, at $5.28 per bushel, is down 93 cents from last month and $1.61 below September 2012. The all hay price, at $176 per ton, is down $4.00 from August and $9.00 from last September. Sorghum grain, at $8.15 per cwt, is 67 cents lower than August and $3.35 below September last year. Cotton, Upland: The September index, at 126, is down 0.8 percent from August but 7.7 percent above last year. The September price, at 76.1 cents per pound, is down 0.8 cents from the previous month but 5.4 cents higher than last September. Oilseeds: The September index, at 241, is up 1.7 percent from August and 0.4 percent higher than September 2012. The soybean price, at $13.80 per bushel, decreased 30 cents from August and is 50 cents below September 2012. Fruits & nuts: The September index, at 208, is up 8.3 percent from August but 3.3 percent lower than a year ago. The price of oranges, at $12.39 per box, increased $2.39 from last month and is $3.27 higher than last September. Commercial vegetables: The September index, at 156, is down 19 percent from last month and 9.3 percent below September 2012. Potatoes & dry beans: The September index, at 174, is down 10 percent from last month but 23 percent above September 2012. The all potato price, at $9.40 per cwt, is down $1.75 from August but up $2.09 from last September. The all dry bean price, at $40.40 per cwt, is up 40 cents from the previous month and $2.20 above September 2012. Livestock and products: The September index, at 162, is 0.6 percent below last month but up 3.8 percent from September 2012. Compared with a year ago, prices are higher for hogs, broilers, calves, cattle, and milk. Prices for eggs and turkeys are lower than last year. Meat animals: The September index, at 165, is unchanged from last month but 7.1 percent higher than last year. The September hog price, at $69.20 per cwt, is down $5.00 from August but $13.50 higher than a year ago. The September beef cattle price of $123 per cwt is up $1.00 from last month and $2.00 higher than September 2012. Dairy products: The September index, at 152, is up 2.0 percent from a month ago and 0.7 percent higher than September last year. The September all milk price of $19.80 per cwt is up 30 cents from last month and 10 cents higher than September 2012. Poultry & eggs: The September index, at 167, is down 1.2 percent from August but 0.6 percent above a year ago. The September market egg price, at 82.3 cents per dozen, decreased 4.7 cents from August and is 23.7 cents below September 2012. The September broiler price, at 53.0 cents per pound, is unchanged from August but 5.0 cents above a year ago. The September turkey price, at 66.7 cents per pound, is down 0.7 cents from the previous month and 9.5 cents from a year earlier. Prices Received Indexes – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at http://www.nass.usda.gov] ——————————————————————————————————————– : 1910-1914 Base : 1990-1992 Base :———————————————————————————– : 1990-1992 : September : August : September : September : August : September Index : Average : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ——————————————————————————————————————– : percent : : All products ……………….: 639 1236 1201 1176 195 189 185 : All crops ………………….: 500 1125 1062 1020 227 214 206 Food grains ………………: 325 844 733 724 266 231 228 Feed grains & hay …………: 363 1041 941 820 292 264 230 Cotton, Upland ……………: 517 598 651 644 117 127 126 Tobacco ………………….: 1263 1559 1760 1760 103 116 116 Oilseeds …………………: 554 1314 1300 1322 240 237 241 Fruits & nuts …………….: 716 1502 1338 1449 215 192 208 Commercial vegetables ……..: 698 1226 1373 1111 172 192 156 Potatoes & dry beans ………: 540 722 985 884 142 194 174 Other crops ………………: 493 647 645 645 131 131 131 : Livestock and products ………: 768 1196 1246 1245 156 163 162 Meat animals ……………..: 1021 1564 1683 1681 154 165 165 Dairy products ……………: 799 1212 1200 1218 151 149 152 Poultry & eggs ……………: 282 465 474 470 166 169 167 : Food commodities ……………: (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 182 181 181 ——————————————————————————————————————– (NA) Not available. Prices Received and Prices Paid Indexes by Month for Selected Groups – United States: 2012 and 2013, 1990-1992 Base [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at http://www.nass.usda.gov. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] ——————————————————————————– : Index of prices received : Index of prices paid :—————————————————————- : : : Livestock : : Month : All farm : All : and : All : Production : products : crops : products : items : items :—————————————————————- :2012 :2013 :2012 : 2013 : 2012 :2013 : 2012 :2013 : 2012 : 2013 ——————————————————————————– : percent percent percent percent percent : January …….: 189 217 213 250 155 166 210 219 222 233 February ……: 181 199 207 234 156 162 211 220 223 234 March ………: 184 201 211 238 159 164 215 220 229 234 April ………: 179 192 210 222 152 164 215 219 228 233 May ………..: 180 196 214 224 151 170 214 220 228 233 June ……….: 183 200 214 232 152 167 214 219 227 233 July ……….: 191 200 231 230 149 164 213 220 227 234 August ……..: 194 189 234 214 154 163 216 216 231 229 September …..: 195 185 227 206 156 162 217 213 232 224 October …….: 210 238 162 218 232 November ……: 207 238 167 217 231 December ……: 199 226 165 217 231 ——————————————————————————– Prices Received for Field Crops and Fruits – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons —————————————————————————————————— : Average : : : Preliminary Commodity : 1990-1992 :September 2012: August 2013 :September 2013 —————————————————————————————————— : Field crops : Austrian winter peas ………dollars/cwt: (NA) 20.90 (D) (S) Barley, all ……………dollars/bushel: 2.12 6.42 6.13 5.25 Feed …………………dollars/bushel: 1.90 5.58 4.40 3.72 Malting ………………dollars/bushel: 2.43 6.70 6.55 5.91 Beans, dry edible …………dollars/cwt: 19.10 38.20 40.00 40.40 Canola …………………..dollars/cwt: (NA) 27.00 22.20 20.00 Chickpeas, all ……………dollars/cwt: (NA) 38.20 31.60 (S) Large …………………..dollars/cwt: (NA) 40.40 32.90 (S) Small …………………..dollars/cwt: (NA) 28.70 27.10 (S) Corn ………………….dollars/bushel: 2.30 6.89 6.21 5.28 : Cotton, Upland ………….dollars/pound: 0.606 0.707 0.769 0.761 Cottonseed ……………….dollars/ton: 96.00 254.00 (NA) 190.00 Flaxseed ………………dollars/bushel: 4.27 13.30 14.90 14.40 Hay, all, baled …………..dollars/ton: 76.30 185.00 180.00 176.00 Alfalfa …………………dollars/ton: 77.20 206.00 200.00 194.00 Other …………………..dollars/ton: 60.00 140.00 140.00 136.00 Lentils ………………….dollars/cwt: (NA) 21.20 18.70 18.70 Oats ………………….dollars/bushel: 1.22 3.76 3.63 3.68 Peanuts, in-shell ……….dollars/pound: 0.304 0.352 0.251 0.287 Peas, dry edible ………….dollars/cwt: (NA) 14.50 14.50 12.80 : Potatoes …………………dollars/cwt: 5.82 7.31 11.15 9.40 Rice, all ………………..dollars/cwt: 7.07 14.30 15.80 16.30 Long ……………………dollars/cwt: (NA) 13.80 15.20 15.90 Medium and short …………dollars/cwt: (NA) 17.80 17.50 19.10 Sorghum grain …………….dollars/cwt: 3.75 11.50 8.82 8.15 Soybeans ………………dollars/bushel: 5.61 14.30 14.10 13.80 Sunflowers, all …………..dollars/cwt: 9.50 28.80 23.70 21.80 : Wheat, all …………….dollars/bushel: 2.96 8.27 6.87 6.75 Winter ……………….dollars/bushel: 2.93 8.25 6.81 6.71 Durum ………………..dollars/bushel: 2.86 7.77 7.76 7.77 Other spring ………….dollars/bushel: 3.11 8.38 6.97 6.73 Hard red winter 1/ …….dollars/bushel: (NA) 8.36 6.94 (NA) Soft red winter 1/ …….dollars/bushel: (NA) 8.38 6.34 (NA) Hard red spring 1/ …….dollars/bushel: (NA) 8.42 6.98 (NA) White 1/ ……………..dollars/bushel: 3.24 7.99 6.90 (NA) : Fruits : Citrus, equivalent on-tree : Grapefruit ………………dollars/box: 5.77 10.13 6.36 8.76 Lemons ………………….dollars/box: 10.10 14.94 28.45 29.99 Oranges …………………dollars/box: 5.79 9.08 10.00 12.39 Tangelos ………………..dollars/box: 5.82 (S) (S) (S) Tangerines and mandarins ….dollars/box: 15.11 (S) (S) (S) : Noncitrus, fresh : Apples 2/ ……………..dollars/pound: 0.212 0.616 (NA) (NA) Grapes 2/ ……………….dollars/ton: 506.00 1,130.00 (NA) (NA) Peaches 2/ ………………dollars/ton: 432.00 689.00 (NA) (NA) Pears 2/ ………………..dollars/ton: 370.00 601.00 (NA) (NA) Strawberries …………….dollars/cwt: 56.00 87.60 (NA) (NA) —————————————————————————————————— (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (NA) Not available. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 1/ Preliminary estimates not set for this item. 2/ Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York (apples only), and Washington (apples, peaches, and pears). Prices as sold for other states. Prices Received for Vegetables and Livestock – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Price data source for livestock and poultry commodities is United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service] —————————————————————————————————— : Average : : : Preliminary Commodity : 1990-1992 :September 2012: August 2013 :September 2013 —————————————————————————————————— : Vegetables, fresh 1/ : Asparagus ………………..dollars/cwt: 79.80 (S) (NA) (NA) Beans, snap 2/ ……………dollars/cwt: (NA) 98.20 (NA) (NA) Broccoli …………………dollars/cwt: 22.50 40.40 (NA) (NA) Cantaloupes 2/ ……………dollars/cwt: (NA) 20.20 (NA) (NA) Carrots ………………….dollars/cwt: 13.20 21.70 (NA) (NA) Cauliflower ………………dollars/cwt: 26.80 39.20 (NA) (NA) Celery …………………..dollars/cwt: 11.60 24.80 (NA) (NA) Corn, sweet ………………dollars/cwt: 15.70 22.70 (NA) (NA) Cucumbers 2/ ……………..dollars/cwt: (NA) 26.80 (NA) (NA) Lettuce ………………….dollars/cwt: 11.90 20.50 (NA) (NA) Onions 3/ ………………..dollars/cwt: 12.80 11.10 (NA) (NA) Tomatoes …………………dollars/cwt: 32.30 26.20 (NA) (NA) : Livestock : Calves …………………..dollars/cwt: 94.30 162.00 168.00 198.00 Cattle, all beef ………….dollars/cwt: 72.90 121.00 122.00 123.00 Cows 4/ …………………dollars/cwt: 49.60 79.20 82.80 84.00 Steers and heifers ……….dollars/cwt: 77.10 125.00 125.00 126.00 Milk cows 5/ …………….dollars/head: 1130.00 (NA) (NA) (NA) Hogs, all ………………..dollars/cwt: 47.70 55.70 74.20 69.20 Barrows and gilts ………..dollars/cwt: 48.40 56.30 74.10 69.10 Sows ……………………dollars/cwt: 39.50 39.10 75.90 70.70 : Dairy and poultry : Milk, all 6/ ……………..dollars/cwt: 13.06 19.70 19.50 19.80 Fat test ……………………percent: 3.66 3.70 3.63 3.69 Broilers, live 7/ ……….dollars/pound: 0.317 0.480 0.530 0.530 Eggs, all 8/ ……………dollars/dozen: 0.643 1.220 1.080 1.040 Market 8/ 9/ …………..dollars/dozen: 0.546 1.060 0.870 0.823 Turkeys, live 8/ 10/ …….dollars/pound: 0.380 0.762 0.674 0.667 : Adjusted for seasonal variation : Eggs, all ………………dollars/dozen: 0.545 1.260 1.030 1.070 Seasonal factor ……………..percent: 100 97 105 97 Milk, all 6/ ……………..dollars/cwt: 9.71 18.90 19.10 19.00 Seasonal factor ……………..percent: 100 104 102 104 —————————————————————————————————— (NA) Not available. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 1/ Beginning January 2006, point of first sale. FOB shipping point for prior years. 2/ Monthly estimates began January 1995. 3/ Includes some processing. 4/ Beef cows and cull dairy cows sold for slaughter. 5/ Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices available for January, April, July, and October. 6/ Before deductions for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling subsidies. 7/ Live weight equivalent price. 8/ Mid-month price. 9/ Also referred to as table eggs. 10/ Live weight equivalent price is used when actual live weight price is not available. Beginning January 2011, price reflects FOB shipping point basis. Prior year price reflects delivered basis. Prices Received for All Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans by Month – United States: 2013 with Comparisons [Current month prices are mid-month; prices for previous months and years are for the entire month. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] ———————————————————————————————————————— : All wheat : Corn : Soybeans Month :———————————————————————————————————– : : :Preliminary: : :Preliminary: : :Preliminary : 2011 : 2012 : 2013 : 2011 : 2012 : 2013 : 2011 : 2012 : 2013 ———————————————————————————————————————— : dollars per bushel : January ….: 6.69 7.05 8.12 4.94 6.07 6.96 11.60 11.90 14.30 February …: 7.42 7.10 7.97 5.65 6.28 7.04 12.70 12.20 14.60 March ……: 7.55 7.20 7.79 5.53 6.35 7.13 12.70 13.00 14.60 April ……: 8.01 7.11 7.71 6.36 6.34 6.97 13.10 13.80 14.40 May ……..: 8.16 6.67 7.68 6.32 6.34 6.97 13.20 14.00 14.90 June …….: 7.41 6.70 7.32 6.38 6.37 6.97 13.20 13.90 15.10 July …….: 7.10 7.89 6.93 6.33 7.14 6.79 13.20 15.40 15.30 August …..: 7.59 8.04 6.87 6.88 7.63 6.21 13.40 16.20 14.10 September ..: 7.54 8.27 6.75 6.38 6.89 5.28 12.20 14.30 13.80 October ….: 7.27 8.38 5.73 6.78 11.80 14.20 November …: 7.30 8.47 5.83 7.01 11.70 14.30 December …: 7.20 8.30 5.86 6.87 11.50 14.30 ———————————————————————————————————————— Prices Received for Beef Cattle and All Hogs by Month – United States: 2013 with Comparisons [Current month prices are mid-month; prices for previous months and years are for the entire month. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun] ———————————————————————————- : Beef cattle 1/ : All hogs 2/ Month :———————————————————————– : : :Preliminary: : :Preliminary : 2011 : 2012 : 2013 : 2011 : 2012 : 2013 ———————————————————————————- : dollars per cwt : January ..: 107.00 125.00 126.00 56.00 63.50 63.80 February .: 108.00 127.00 123.00 61.40 65.50 64.50 March ….: 115.00 128.00 124.00 62.90 65.20 59.20 April ….: 119.00 124.00 124.00 67.80 62.80 61.80 May ……: 112.00 122.00 124.00 68.60 62.80 68.60 June …..: 107.00 121.00 121.00 69.70 70.20 74.40 July …..: 111.00 114.00 120.00 71.70 72.10 75.80 August …: 111.00 117.00 122.00 75.80 66.90 74.20 September : 112.00 121.00 123.00 67.10 55.70 69.20 October ..: 117.00 123.00 68.70 62.00 November .: 120.00 123.00 64.40 61.10 December .: 120.00 124.00 63.50 62.40 ———————————————————————————- 1/ Cows and steers & heifers. 2/ Barrows & gilts and sows. Prices Received for All Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Arizona …………: (D) 8.32 7.75 Arkansas ………..: 7.89 6.56 (D) California ………: (D) (D) (D) Colorado ………..: 8.26 6.96 6.75 Idaho …………..: 7.98 6.81 6.94 Illinois ………..: 8.59 6.47 6.30 Indiana …………: 8.88 6.15 6.10 Kansas ………….: 8.55 6.90 6.78 Michigan ………..: 8.37 6.43 6.23 Minnesota ……….: 8.53 6.84 6.60 : Missouri ………..: 7.94 6.50 6.50 Montana …………: 8.19 7.14 6.85 Nebraska ………..: 8.42 7.05 6.90 North Carolina …..: 8.05 5.57 5.50 North Dakota …….: 8.13 7.05 6.62 Ohio ……………: 8.41 6.45 6.33 Oklahoma ………..: 8.63 6.83 6.74 Oregon ………….: 8.13 7.10 7.14 South Dakota …….: 8.31 6.83 6.60 Texas …………..: 7.99 7.08 6.92 Washington ………: 8.13 7.12 6.98 : United States ……: 8.27 6.87 6.75 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. Prices Received for Winter Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Arkansas ………..: 7.89 6.56 (D) California ………: (D) (D) (D) Colorado ………..: 8.28 6.96 6.75 Idaho …………..: 7.90 6.80 6.75 Illinois ………..: 8.59 6.47 6.30 Indiana …………: 8.88 6.15 6.10 Kansas ………….: 8.55 6.90 6.78 Michigan ………..: 8.37 6.43 6.23 Minnesota ……….: (D) 5.91 (S) Missouri ………..: 7.94 6.50 6.50 : Montana …………: 7.97 7.06 6.80 Nebraska ………..: 8.42 7.05 6.90 North Carolina …..: 8.05 5.57 5.50 North Dakota …….: 7.88 6.54 6.20 Ohio ……………: 8.41 6.45 6.33 Oklahoma ………..: 8.63 6.83 6.74 Oregon ………….: 8.08 7.08 7.10 South Dakota …….: 8.13 6.80 6.50 Texas …………..: 7.99 7.08 6.92 Washington ………: 8.04 7.05 6.90 : United States ……: 8.25 6.81 6.71 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Durum Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Arizona …………: (D) 8.32 7.75 California ………: (S) (D) (S) Idaho …………..: (D) (D) (D) Montana …………: 7.79 7.75 (D) North Dakota …….: 7.48 7.74 8.00 : United States ……: 7.77 7.76 7.77 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Spring Wheat – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Colorado ………..: (D) (S) (S) Idaho …………..: 8.15 6.84 7.40 Minnesota ……….: 8.53 6.91 6.60 Montana …………: 8.42 7.18 6.80 North Dakota …….: 8.35 6.93 6.50 Oregon ………….: 8.29 7.28 7.35 South Dakota …….: 8.43 6.84 6.66 Washington ………: 8.54 7.48 7.39 : United States ……: 8.38 6.97 6.73 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for All Barley – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : California ………: (D) (D) (S) Colorado ………..: 6.65 (D) (D) Idaho …………..: 6.43 6.31 6.20 Minnesota ……….: (D) 6.14 (S) Montana …………: 6.43 6.68 5.81 North Dakota …….: 6.96 5.96 4.86 Oregon ………….: 6.32 4.39 3.87 Utah ……………: 5.91 4.33 4.34 Washington ………: 5.49 4.52 3.66 Wyoming …………: (D) (D) (D) : United States ……: 6.42 6.13 5.25 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Malting Barley – States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Idaho …………..: 6.57 6.72 6.47 Minnesota ……….: (D) (D) (S) Montana …………: 6.51 6.73 5.84 North Dakota …….: 7.04 6.17 5.30 Wyoming …………: (D) (D) (D) ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Feed Barley – States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Idaho …………..: 5.79 4.22 4.41 Minnesota ……….: (D) 4.02 (S) Montana …………: 5.57 4.27 (D) North Dakota …….: 5.33 4.08 3.10 Wyoming …………: (D) (D) (D) ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Corn – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Colorado ………..: 6.67 6.80 5.79 Illinois ………..: 6.84 6.09 5.30 Indiana …………: 7.37 6.38 5.10 Iowa ……………: 6.84 6.32 5.10 Kansas ………….: 6.87 6.13 5.10 Kentucky ………..: 6.75 6.10 5.50 Michigan ………..: 6.92 6.04 5.30 Minnesota ……….: 6.47 6.24 5.50 Missouri ………..: 7.30 6.42 5.50 Nebraska ………..: 6.88 6.45 5.60 : North Carolina …..: 7.45 5.85 5.30 North Dakota …….: 6.26 5.97 4.80 Ohio ……………: 7.33 6.34 5.03 Pennsylvania …….: 7.45 6.10 5.00 South Dakota …….: 6.83 5.99 4.86 Tennessee ……….: 6.98 6.23 5.60 Texas …………..: 6.80 5.01 5.26 Wisconsin ……….: 7.05 6.18 5.40 : United States ……: 6.89 6.21 5.28 ——————————————————————————– Prices Received for Soybeans – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Arkansas ………..: 14.10 (D) 13.50 Illinois ………..: 15.20 14.20 13.90 Indiana …………: 14.80 14.90 14.20 Iowa ……………: 14.40 14.20 14.20 Kansas ………….: 14.40 13.90 13.90 Kentucky ………..: 14.80 13.60 14.00 Louisiana ……….: 15.00 (D) (D) Michigan ………..: 13.60 14.40 13.70 Minnesota ……….: 14.20 14.30 13.70 Mississippi ……..: 14.30 12.70 13.50 : Missouri ………..: 15.30 13.70 14.00 Nebraska ………..: 13.70 13.50 13.70 North Carolina …..: 16.20 14.20 14.20 North Dakota …….: 14.20 13.10 13.10 Ohio ……………: 14.80 14.60 14.20 South Dakota …….: 14.20 13.80 13.40 Tennessee ……….: 14.30 13.20 14.00 Wisconsin ……….: 13.50 14.40 13.80 : United States ……: 14.30 14.10 13.80 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. Prices Received for Oats – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Illinois ………..: (S) 3.83 (S) Iowa ……………: 3.93 3.71 3.60 Michigan ………..: (D) 3.51 3.90 Minnesota ……….: 3.54 3.85 3.85 Montana …………: (D) (S) (S) Nebraska ………..: (D) (D) (D) New York ………..: (D) (D) (D) North Dakota …….: 3.36 3.17 3.15 Oregon ………….: (D) (D) (S) Pennsylvania …….: 3.91 3.76 3.81 South Dakota …….: 3.84 3.54 3.61 Texas …………..: (S) (D) (D) Wisconsin ……….: 3.80 3.83 3.85 : United States ……: 3.76 3.63 3.68 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Sorghum Grain – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : Arkansas ………..: 11.00 (D) (D) Illinois ………..: 12.80 (D) (S) Kansas ………….: 12.40 9.88 7.94 Louisiana ……….: 11.30 8.85 (D) Missouri ………..: 11.80 11.90 10.00 Nebraska ………..: 11.70 10.20 8.80 Oklahoma ………..: 11.80 8.81 7.00 Texas …………..: 11.50 8.68 8.13 : United States ……: 11.50 8.82 8.15 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Dry Beans – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : : California ………: (D) (D) (S) Colorado ………..: 41.70 (D) (D) Idaho …………..: 38.50 32.90 (D) Michigan ………..: 40.70 (D) 42.50 Minnesota ……….: 40.60 (D) (D) Nebraska ………..: 39.50 42.60 42.90 North Dakota …….: 36.20 39.30 38.60 : United States ……: 38.20 40.00 40.40 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Peanuts (in shell) – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per pound : Alabama …………: 0.360 0.233 (S) Florida …………: 0.353 0.225 (D) Georgia …………: 0.350 0.257 0.275 Mississippi ……..: 0.372 0.205 (S) New Mexico ………: (D) (S) (S) North Carolina …..: 0.353 0.275 0.309 Oklahoma ………..: (S) (D) (D) South Carolina …..: 0.345 0.271 (D) Texas …………..: 0.334 0.263 (S) Virginia ………..: (D) 0.269 (D) : United States ……: 0.352 0.251 0.287 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Sunflower – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : Colorado ………..: (D) (S) (S) Kansas ………….: (D) 20.60 (D) Minnesota ……….: (D) 26.10 (D) North Dakota …….: 29.00 23.90 23.20 South Dakota …….: 28.00 22.20 (D) : United States ……: 28.80 23.70 21.80 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Canola – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : Minnesota ……….: (D) (S) (S) North Dakota …….: 27.00 22.20 20.00 : United States ……: 27.00 22.20 20.00 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Flaxseed – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : North Dakota …….: 13.30 14.90 14.40 : United States ……: 13.30 14.90 14.40 ——————————————————————————– Prices Received for Upland Cotton and Cottonseed – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Cottonseed marketing year August – February] ——————————————————————————————————– : Cotton, Upland : Cottonseed State :———————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary : : : Preliminary : September : August : September : September : August : September : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ——————————————————————————————————– : ——– dollars per pound ——– ——— dollars per ton ——– : Alabama …………: (D) (S) (S) (S) (NA) (S) Arizona …………: (D) (S) (S) 360.00 (NA) (S) Arkansas ………..: (D) (S) (S) 275.00 (NA) (S) California ………: (S) (S) (S) (S) (NA) (S) Georgia …………: 0.818 (D) 0.768 219.00 (NA) (S) Louisiana ……….: 0.688 (S) (S) 222.00 (NA) 272.00 Mississippi ……..: (D) (D) (S) (S) (NA) (S) North Carolina …..: (D) (D) (S) (S) (NA) (S) Tennessee ……….: (D) (S) (S) (S) (NA) (S) Texas …………..: 0.706 0.767 0.743 252.00 (NA) 185.00 : United States ……: 0.707 0.769 0.761 254.00 (NA) 190.00 ——————————————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (NA) Not available. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received and Farm Marketings for Upland Cotton and Rice – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ———————————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary Item : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ———————————————————————————————– : Cotton, Upland : Average price ……dollars/pound: 0.707 0.769 0.761 Marketings 1/ ……..1,000 bales: 416 46 (NA) : Rice, all : Average price ……..dollars/cwt: 14.30 15.80 16.30 Marketings 2/ ……….1,000 cwt: 10,630 8,697 (NA) : Rice, long : Average price ……..dollars/cwt: 13.80 15.20 15.90 Marketings 2/ ……….1,000 cwt: 9,172 6,668 (NA) : Rice, medium and short : Average price ……..dollars/cwt: 17.80 17.50 19.10 Marketings 2/ ……….1,000 cwt: 1,458 2,029 (NA) ———————————————————————————————– (NA) Not available. 1/ Marketings based on a survey of cotton buyers in the major producing States – Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. 2/ Purchases by private firms and rice (rough equivalent) shipped by cooperatives. Prices Received for Hay by Type – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ————————————————————————————————————————– : All hay : Alfalfa hay : Other hay State :———————————————————————————————————– : : :Preliminary: : :Preliminary: : :Preliminary : September : August : September : September : August : September : September : August : September : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ————————————————————————————————————————– : dollars per ton : Arizona ……: 202.00 190.00 180.00 200.00 190.00 180.00 220.00 210.00 200.00 California …: 201.00 192.00 194.00 205.00 201.00 201.00 190.00 161.00 161.00 Colorado …..: 232.00 244.00 234.00 235.00 245.00 235.00 205.00 230.00 230.00 Idaho ……..: 184.00 197.00 180.00 190.00 200.00 180.00 130.00 170.00 180.00 Illinois …..: 156.00 163.00 161.00 165.00 190.00 175.00 120.00 140.00 125.00 Iowa ………: 201.00 192.00 195.00 217.00 205.00 210.00 133.00 130.00 130.00 Kansas …….: 190.00 180.00 193.00 220.00 211.00 225.00 125.00 108.00 119.00 Kentucky …..: 115.00 127.00 120.00 195.00 195.00 195.00 90.00 95.00 95.00 Michigan …..: 165.00 168.00 166.00 175.00 180.00 180.00 145.00 145.00 140.00 Minnesota ….: 139.00 140.00 160.00 160.00 165.00 190.00 110.00 120.00 120.00 : Missouri …..: 115.00 126.00 123.00 210.00 240.00 235.00 100.00 110.00 105.00 Montana ……: 141.00 137.00 139.00 144.00 140.00 140.00 113.00 123.00 130.00 Nebraska …..: 199.00 189.00 168.00 219.00 209.00 181.00 146.00 151.00 136.00 Nevada …….: 201.00 209.00 196.00 203.00 212.00 196.00 178.00 190.00 190.00 New Mexico …: 226.00 237.00 239.00 234.00 245.00 246.00 174.00 182.00 191.00 New York …..: 137.00 152.00 152.00 175.00 205.00 205.00 117.00 135.00 137.00 North Dakota .: 119.00 109.00 113.00 131.00 115.00 118.00 83.00 77.00 76.00 Ohio ………: 191.00 180.00 163.00 221.00 195.00 185.00 142.00 155.00 140.00 Oklahoma …..: 121.00 140.00 128.00 229.00 205.00 190.00 113.00 99.00 95.00 Oregon …….: 210.00 208.00 200.00 226.00 198.00 200.00 175.00 217.00 200.00 : Pennsylvania .: 145.00 171.00 161.00 189.00 189.00 178.00 133.00 166.00 156.00 South Dakota .: 204.00 159.00 128.00 222.00 166.00 135.00 151.00 119.00 105.00 Texas ……..: 124.00 132.00 126.00 238.00 237.00 235.00 101.00 93.00 95.00 Utah ………: 187.00 184.00 183.00 187.00 187.00 187.00 150.00 155.00 150.00 Washington …: 232.00 214.00 210.00 235.00 205.00 200.00 225.00 235.00 235.00 Wisconsin ….: 145.00 151.00 182.00 155.00 160.00 200.00 110.00 120.00 120.00 Wyoming ……: 207.00 195.00 190.00 210.00 200.00 195.00 195.00 180.00 175.00 : United States : 185.00 180.00 176.00 206.00 200.00 194.00 140.00 140.00 136.00 ————————————————————————————————————————– Prices Received for Apples – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, Michigan, New York, and Washington. Prices at point of first sale for other States] ——————————————————————————– : Apples, fresh use State :———————————————————– : : : Preliminary : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per pound : California ………: 0.408 (NA) (NA) Michigan ………..: 0.615 (NA) (NA) New York ………..: 0.556 (NA) (NA) Ohio ……………: 0.720 (NA) (NA) Pennsylvania …….: (S) (NA) (NA) Virginia ………..: 0.360 (NA) (NA) Washington ………: 0.625 (NA) (NA) : United States ……: 0.616 (NA) (NA) ——————————————————————————– (NA) Not available. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: September 2012 [Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; tangelos-90; tangerines and mandarins in Arizona and California-80, Florida-95] ————————————————————————————————————————————— : : Equivalent returns Commodity, : FOB :———————————————————————————– State, : packed : Packinghouse door : On-tree and type : fresh :———————————————————————————– : : All : Fresh : Process : All : Fresh : Process ————————————————————————————————————————————— : dollars per box : Grapefruit : California 1/ …………………: 18.80 12.27 12.27 (D) 10.13 10.13 (D) : United States …………………: 18.80 12.27 12.27 (D) 10.13 10.13 (D) : Lemons : California ……………………: 35.20 20.48 26.12 (D) 14.88 20.22 (D) : United States …………………: 35.20 20.54 26.15 (D) 14.94 20.25 (D) : Oranges : California ……………………: 23.80 11.59 14.99 (D) 9.08 12.53 (D) Valencia ……………………: 23.80 11.59 14.99 (D) 9.08 12.53 (D) : United States …………………: 23.80 11.59 14.99 (D) 9.08 12.53 (D) : ————————————————————————————————————————————— (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. 1/ Some processed sales included in fresh sales. Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: August 2013 [Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; tangelos-90; tangerines and mandarins in Arizona and California-80, Florida-95] ————————————————————————————————————————————— : : Equivalent returns Commodity, : FOB :———————————————————————————– State, : packed : Packinghouse door : On-tree and type : fresh :———————————————————————————– : : All : Fresh : Process : All : Fresh : Process ————————————————————————————————————————————— : dollars per box : Grapefruit : California 1/ …………………: 15.20 8.54 8.54 (D) 6.36 6.36 (D) : United States …………………: 15.20 8.54 8.54 (D) 6.36 6.36 (D) : Lemons : California ……………………: 47.50 34.34 38.24 (D) 28.45 32.22 (D) : United States …………………: 47.50 34.34 38.24 (D) 28.45 32.22 (D) : Oranges : California ……………………: 23.40 12.54 14.41 (D) 10.00 11.90 (D) Valencia ……………………: 23.40 12.54 14.41 (D) 10.00 11.90 (D) : United States …………………: 23.40 12.54 14.41 (D) 10.00 11.90 (D) : : ————————————————————————————————————————————— (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. 1/ Some processed sales included in fresh sales. Prices Received for Citrus Fruits by Utilization – States and United States: September 2013 [Net pounds per box: grapefruit in California-80, Florida-85, Texas-80; lemons-80; oranges in California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85; tangelos-90; tangerines and mandarins in Arizona and California-80, Florida-95] ————————————————————————————————————————————— : : Equivalent returns Commodity, : FOB :———————————————————————————– State, : packed : Packinghouse door : On-tree and type : fresh :———————————————————————————– : : All : Fresh : Process : All : Fresh : Process ————————————————————————————————————————————— : dollars per box : Grapefruit : California 1/ …………………: 17.60 10.94 10.94 (D) 8.76 8.76 (D) : United States …………………: 17.60 10.94 10.94 (D) 8.76 8.76 (D) : Lemons : California ……………………: 47.70 35.92 38.44 (D) 29.99 32.42 (D) : United States …………………: 47.70 35.92 38.44 (D) 29.99 32.42 (D) : Oranges : California ……………………: 26.30 14.93 17.31 (D) 12.39 14.80 (D) Valencia ……………………: 26.30 14.93 17.31 (D) 12.39 14.80 (D) : United States …………………: 26.30 14.93 17.31 (D) 12.39 14.80 (D) : : ————————————————————————————————————————————— (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. 1/ Some processed sales included in fresh sales. Prices Received for Potatoes – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons ——————————————————————————– : : : Preliminary State : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : California : Spring ………..: (S) (S) (S) Fall ………….: (S) (S) (S) All 1/ ………..: (S) (S) (S) Colorado : Fresh 2/ ………: 7.10 22.20 (D) All 1/ ………..: 6.85 22.20 17.30 : Florida …………: (S) (S) (S) Idaho : Fresh 2/ ………: 4.40 15.70 (D) Processing …….: 7.20 8.00 (D) All 1/ ………..: 6.70 10.60 8.20 Maine …………..: (D) (D) (D) Michigan ………..: 9.90 8.95 9.10 Minnesota ……….: 6.65 14.10 (D) New York ………..: 14.00 (S) 16.00 North Carolina …..: (S) (S) (S) : North Dakota : Fresh 2/ ………: 11.30 (S) (D) Processing …….: 8.30 (S) (D) All 1/ ………..: 8.65 (S) (D) Oregon ………….: 6.55 9.20 8.65 Texas …………..: (S) (S) (S) Virginia ………..: (S) 17.80 (S) : Washington : Processing …….: 6.45 7.35 (D) All 1/ ………..: 6.55 10.40 8.55 Wisconsin : Fresh 2/ ………: 8.80 (D) (D) Processing …….: 7.80 (D) (D) All 1/ ………..: 8.20 15.70 (D) : United States : Fresh 2/ ………: 7.42 19.66 (D) Processing …….: 7.28 7.74 (D) All 1/ ………..: 7.31 11.15 9.40 ——————————————————————————– (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 1/ Average price of potatoes sold for all uses, including table stock, processing, seed, and livestock feed. 2/ Fresh market prices only. Includes table stock prices. Prices Received for All Milk – States and United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Before deduction for hauling. Includes quality, quantity, and other premiums. Excludes hauling subsidies] —————————————————————————————————- : : : Preliminary : September 2012 : August 2013 : September 2013 State :——————————————————————————- : Price :Fat test : Price :Fat test : Price : Fat test —————————————————————————————————- :dollars per cwt percent dollars per cwt percent dollars per cwt percent : Arizona …………: 19.00 3.55 19.50 3.48 19.60 3.48 California ………: 17.73 3.72 18.01 3.63 18.30 3.65 Colorado ………..: 19.50 3.51 20.00 3.47 20.10 3.48 Florida …………: 22.90 3.70 23.80 3.60 24.00 3.63 Idaho …………..: 19.40 3.70 18.60 3.64 18.60 3.72 Illinois ………..: 20.50 3.70 20.30 3.64 20.40 3.70 Indiana …………: 20.50 3.62 20.60 3.57 20.80 3.65 Iowa ……………: 20.50 3.72 20.10 3.68 20.40 3.77 Kansas ………….: 20.10 3.67 19.40 3.51 19.50 3.63 Michigan ………..: 19.70 3.60 20.30 3.53 20.50 3.61 : Minnesota ……….: 21.30 3.79 19.60 3.73 19.90 3.83 Missouri ………..: 19.80 3.67 20.50 3.64 20.70 3.71 New Mexico ………: 18.70 3.60 18.10 3.45 18.30 3.55 New York ………..: 20.00 3.69 20.60 3.62 20.80 3.70 Ohio ……………: 20.20 3.65 20.80 3.53 21.00 3.62 Oregon ………….: 21.20 3.76 20.80 3.74 20.90 3.81 Pennsylvania …….: 20.80 3.68 21.00 3.61 21.30 3.65 Texas …………..: 20.10 3.80 19.60 3.72 19.60 3.78 Utah ……………: 18.80 3.67 18.50 3.60 18.80 3.63 Vermont …………: 20.40 3.88 20.90 3.68 21.40 3.76 : Virginia ………..: 21.50 3.70 23.00 3.57 23.30 3.66 Washington ………: 19.50 3.76 20.10 3.74 20.30 3.81 Wisconsin ……….: 20.80 3.71 19.80 3.68 20.10 3.77 : United States ……: 19.70 3.70 19.50 3.63 19.80 3.69 —————————————————————————————————- Prices Received for Milk Cows – States and United States: July 2013 with Comparisons [Animals sold for dairy herd replacement only. Prices estimated in January, April, July, and October] ——————————————————————————– State : July 2012 : April 2013 : July 2013 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per head : Arizona …………: 1,450 (NA) (NA) California ………: 1,300 (NA) (NA) Colorado ………..: 1,430 (NA) (NA) Florida …………: 1,440 (NA) (NA) Idaho …………..: 1,400 (NA) (NA) Illinois ………..: 1,490 (NA) (NA) Indiana …………: 1,400 (NA) (NA) Iowa ……………: 1,480 (NA) (NA) Kansas ………….: 1,400 (NA) (NA) Michigan ………..: 1,600 (NA) (NA) : Minnesota ……….: 1,410 (NA) (NA) Missouri ………..: 1,200 (NA) (NA) New Mexico ………: 1,350 (NA) (NA) New York ………..: 1,460 (NA) (NA) Ohio ……………: 1,460 (NA) (NA) Oregon ………….: 1,420 (NA) (NA) Pennsylvania …….: 1,460 (NA) (NA) Texas …………..: 1,400 (NA) (NA) Utah ……………: 1,290 (NA) (NA) Vermont …………: 1,550 (NA) (NA) : Virginia ………..: 1,500 (NA) (NA) Washington ………: 1,300 (NA) (NA) Wisconsin ……….: 1,560 (NA) (NA) : United States ……: 1,420 (NA) (NA) ——————————————————————————– (NA) Not available. Commodity Parity Prices and Price as Percent of Parity Price – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956. See January “Agricultural Prices” for details on adjusted base price and parity price computations. Parity data not available for blank cells. Primary source of data for livestock and milk prices is United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service] —————————————————————————————————- : : Parity price : Price as percent :Adjusted : : of parity Commodity and unit : base :———————————————————– : price :September: August :September:September: August :September : : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 —————————————————————————————————- : ————- dollars ————- ——- percent ——- : Basic commodities : All wheat …………bushel: 0.636 18.50 18.70 18.00 45 37 38 Rice ………………..cwt: 1.65 42.50 48.50 46.70 34 33 35 Corn ……………..bushel: 0.434 12.10 12.80 12.30 57 49 43 Cotton : Upland …………..pound: 0.072 2.10 2.12 2.04 34 36 37 American Pima …….pound: 0.133 4.11 3.91 3.77 35 32 33 Peanuts ……………pound: 0.027 0.758 0.794 0.764 46 32 38 : Designated nonbasic : All milk, to plants 1/ …cwt: 1.75 52.50 51.40 49.50 36 37 38 Honey, extracted 2/ …pound: 0.141 4.05 4.14 3.99 43 42 43 : Wool and mohair : Wool ………………pound: 0.107 3.03 3.14 3.03 55 49 50 Mohair …………….pound: 0.336 9.70 9.88 9.51 43 39 41 : Other nonbasic : Apples, fresh 3/ ……pound: 0.032 0.962 0.940 0.906 64 41 55 Barley ……………bushel: 0.444 12.70 13.00 12.60 51 47 42 Canola ………………cwt: 1.880 53.00 55.30 53.20 51 40 38 Cottonseed …………..ton: 17.80 507.00 523.00 504.00 50 41 38 Dry edible beans ……..cwt: 3.01 87.70 88.50 85.20 44 45 47 Flaxseed ………….bushel: 1.110 32.10 32.60 31.40 41 46 46 Oats ……………..bushel: 0.265 7.66 7.79 7.50 49 47 49 Potatoes …………….cwt: 0.822 24.90 24.20 23.30 29 46 40 Sorghum grain ………..cwt: 0.758 21.20 22.30 21.50 54 40 38 Soybeans ………….bushel: 1.030 29.10 30.30 29.20 49 47 47 Sunflower, all ……….cwt: 2.10 60.00 61.70 59.50 48 38 37 : Citrus (equivalent on-tree) : Grapefruit …………..box: 0.697 20.10 20.50 19.70 50 31 44 Lemons ………………box: 1.32 39.90 38.80 37.40 37 73 80 Oranges ……………..box: 0.711 20.30 20.90 20.10 45 48 62 Tangerines …………..box: 1.49 43.40 43.80 42.20 68 134 139 : Livestock and poultry : Beef cattle ………….cwt: 10.00 294.00 294.00 283.00 41 41 43 Calves ………………cwt: 13.70 405.00 403.00 388.00 40 42 51 Hogs ………………..cwt: 5.48 161.00 161.00 155.00 35 46 45 Eggs 1/ ……………dozen: 0.089 2.65 2.62 2.52 48 39 42 Turkeys, live ………pound: 0.057 1.660 1.680 1.610 46 40 41 —————————————————————————————————- 1/ Seasonally adjusted price as percentage of parity price. 2/ Wholesale extracted. Adjusted base price derived from state annual averages prices weighted by production. For 1982 through 1985 the national averages are the support prices. 3/ Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York, Oregon, and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states. Commodity Parity Prices – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956. See January “Agricultural Prices” for details on adjusted base price and parity price computations] ————————————————————————————————– : : Parity price : Adjusted : Commodity and unit : base :—————————————– : price : September : August : September : : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ————————————————————————————————– : dollars : Field crops and miscellaneous : Hops …………………………pound: 0.303 8.92 8.91 8.58 Mustard seed ……………………cwt: 2.85 82.20 83.80 80.70 Rapeseed ……………………….cwt: 2.25 65.00 66.10 63.70 Rye …………………………bushel: 0.535 15.30 15.70 15.10 Safflower ………………………cwt: 2.04 58.90 60.00 57.80 Spearmint oil …………………pound: 1.50 43.70 44.10 42.50 Sweet potatoes ………………….cwt: 2.08 64.40 61.10 58.90 : Tobacco : Flue-cured, 11-14 ……………pound: 0.185 5.71 5.44 5.24 Fire-cured, 21-23 ……………pound: 0.267 8.25 7.85 7.56 Burley, 31 ………………….pound: 0.188 5.89 5.53 5.32 Maryland, 32 ………………..pound: 0.167 5.07 4.91 4.73 Dark air-cured, 35-37 ………..pound: 0.240 7.46 7.05 6.79 Pennsylvania seedleaf, 41 …….pound: 0.176 5.36 5.17 4.98 Cigar binder, 51 …………….pound: 0.610 18.70 17.90 17.30 : : Noncitrus fruit : Apples, processing 1/ ……………ton: 16.60 481.00 488.00 470.00 Apricots : Fresh 2/ ……………………..ton: 111.00 3,580.00 3,260.00 3,140.00 Dried (California) …………….ton: 252.00 7,550.00 7,410.00 7,130.00 Avocados 2/ …………………….ton: 189.00 5,940.00 5,550.00 5,350.00 Cherries : Sweet ………………………..ton: 205.00 6,270.00 6,020.00 5,800.00 Tart ……………………….pound: 0.033 0.991 0.970 0.934 Cranberry 3/ …………………barrel: 4.68 141.00 138.00 132.00 Dates (California) 2/ ……………ton: 161.00 5,160.00 4,730.00 4,560.00 : Grapes : Raisin variety ………………..ton: 133.00 3,640.00 3,910.00 3,770.00 Other dried …………………..ton: 61.70 1,630.00 1,810.00 1,750.00 Kiwifruit ………………………ton: 88.60 2,740.00 2,600.00 2,510.00 Nectarines, fresh (California) 2/ …ton: 54.60 1,580.00 1,600.00 1,550.00 Olives, canning (California) 3/ …..ton: 87.70 2,610.00 2,580.00 2,480.00 ————————————————————————————————– See footnote(s) at end of table. –continued Commodity Parity Prices – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons (continued) [Parity prices are computed under the provisions of Title III, Subtitle a, Section 301 (a) of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as amended by the Agricultural Acts of 1948, 1949, and 1956. See January “Agricultural Prices” for details on adjusted base price and parity price computations] ———————————————————————————————– : : Parity price :Adjusted : : : Commodity and unit : base :——————————————– : price : September : August : September : : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ———————————————————————————————– : dollars : Noncitrus fruit – continued : Papayas (Hawaii) …………….pound: 0.038 1.28 1.12 1.08 Peaches : Fresh 4/ ……………………ton: 80.20 2,390.00 2,360.00 2,270.00 Dried (California) …………..ton: 48.50 1,560.00 1,430.00 1,370.00 Processing, excludes dried : Clingstone (California) 3/ …ton: 31.60 970.00 929.00 895.00 : Pears : Fresh 4/ ……………………ton: 54.70 1,620.00 1,610.00 1,550.00 Dried (California) 1/ ………..ton: 150.00 4,980.00 4,410.00 4,250.00 Plums (California) : Fresh, equivalent on-tree …….ton: 58.10 1,710.00 1,710.00 1,640.00 Prunes, dried (California) 1/ …..ton: 143.00 4,310.00 4,200.00 4,050.00 Prunes and plums : Fresh, excludes California 5/ …ton: 61.90 1,820.00 1,820.00 1,750.00 Processing, excludes dried 1/ …ton: 23.80 734.00 699.00 674.00 : Tree nuts 6/ : Almonds …………………….pound: 0.211 6.21 6.20 5.97 Hazelnuts …………………….ton: 191.00 5,710.00 5,610.00 5,410.00 Pistachios ………………….pound: 0.194 5.71 5.70 5.49 Walnuts ………………………ton: 185.00 5,220.00 5,440.00 5,240.00 : Vegetables, fresh 7/ : Carrots 8/ ……………………cwt: 2.57 78.40 75.50 72.80 Cauliflower 8/ ………………..cwt: 4.04 126.00 119.00 114.00 Celery 8/ …………………….cwt: 1.94 58.60 57.00 54.90 Honeydew melons ……………….cwt: 1.97 60.90 57.90 55.80 Lettuce ………………………cwt: 2.09 66.70 61.40 59.20 Onions 8/ …………………….cwt: 1.41 43.40 41.40 39.90 Tomatoes ……………………..cwt: 4.30 136.00 126.00 122.00 ———————————————————————————————– 1/ Equivalent returns at processing plant door. 2/ Equivalent returns at packinghouse door. 3/ Equivalent returns for bulk fruit at first delivery point. 4/ Equivalent packinghouse-door returns for California, New York (apples only), Oregon (except peaches), and Washington. Price at point of first sale for other states. 5/ Based on “as sold” prices for fresh fruit in all states. 6/ Prices In-Shell basis except almonds which are shelled basis. 7/ FOB shipping point prices. 8/ Includes some processing. Marketing Year for Specified Commodities Corn for grain: September 1 to August 31 for United States, Arizona, California, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Virginia, and West Virginia; July 1 to June 30 for Texas; August 1 to July 31 for Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Tennessee; October 1 to September 30 for Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Sorghum for grain: September 1 to August 31 for United States, Arizona, Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, and South Dakota; June 1 to May 31 for Texas; August 1 to July 31 for Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Oklahoma. Soybeans: September 1 to August 31 for United States and all States except Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas; July 1 to June 30 for Texas; August 1 to July 31 for Louisiana and Mississippi. Austrian Winter Peas: July 1 to June 30 for United States, Idaho, Montana, and Oregon. Dry Edible Peas: July 1 to June 30 for United States, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, and Washington. Lentils: July 1 to June 30 for United States, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, and Washington. Dry Edible Peas Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012 [Excludes both wrinkled seed peas and Austrian winter peas] ——————————————————————————– State : 2010 : 2011 : 2012 ——————————————————————————– : dollars : Idaho ………..: 11.10 15.40 17.50 Montana ………: 9.13 14.80 14.60 North Dakota ….: 9.47 15.30 15.90 Oregon ……….: 20.70 16.00 17.00 Washington ……: 11.50 15.70 17.30 : United States …: 9.77 15.30 15.70 ——————————————————————————– Austrian Winter Peas Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012 ——————————————————————————– State : 2010 : 2011 : 2012 ——————————————————————————– : dollars : Idaho ………..: 17.70 20.00 19.90 Montana ………: 15.50 20.00 21.90 Oregon ……….: 20.40 16.20 20.40 : United States …: 17.10 19.50 20.70 ——————————————————————————– Lentils Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012 ——————————————————————————– State : 2010 : 2011 : 2012 ——————————————————————————– : dollars : Idaho ………..: 27.90 31.50 27.80 Montana ………: 23.90 23.70 19.50 North Dakota ….: 25.10 20.40 18.70 Washington ……: 30.20 31.40 27.20 : United States …: 25.70 25.00 20.70 ——————————————————————————– Lentils Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013 [Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the United States marketing year of July – June. Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices] ———————————————————————————– : Prices received : Farm marketing percentages Month :———————————–:———————————– : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 ———————————————————————————– : —— dollars per cwt —— ———- percent ———- : July ……: 27.00 27.30 18.50 1.0 3.0 5.1 August ….: 21.30 24.90 18.20 11.9 6.4 9.6 September .: 23.30 29.10 21.20 21.6 11.3 10.3 October …: 25.00 28.70 22.30 11.5 12.5 10.2 November ..: 25.60 24.60 21.30 11.5 8.7 6.5 December ..: 26.80 24.30 18.90 9.4 6.9 8.5 January 1/ : 28.40 26.80 21.00 7.9 9.5 6.4 February ..: 29.20 23.60 22.60 7.7 5.2 12.7 March …..: 29.70 22.80 20.20 7.1 8.8 12.7 April …..: 28.70 24.90 21.00 5.9 6.8 7.1 May …….: 29.50 22.70 20.40 2.1 8.2 5.5 June ……: 26.00 20.10 22.00 2.4 12.7 5.4 : MYA …….: 25.70 25.00 20.70 100.0 100.0 100.0 ———————————————————————————– 1/ Second year. Dry Edible Peas Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013 [Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the United States marketing year of July – June. Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices] ———————————————————————————– : Prices received : Farm marketing percentages Month :———————————–:———————————– : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 ———————————————————————————– : —— dollars per cwt —— ———- percent ———- : July ……: 7.60 12.90 14.80 14.0 13.0 5.4 August ….: 8.77 14.60 14.30 20.4 21.3 20.3 September .: 8.69 15.30 14.50 10.5 11.7 17.0 October …: 8.26 16.40 15.30 5.4 10.4 10.5 November ..: 9.04 15.90 16.50 6.4 5.7 7.5 December ..: 10.20 15.80 16.60 7.2 3.6 7.4 January 1/ : 10.50 15.70 16.30 7.2 7.3 10.0 February ..: 12.10 15.30 16.60 3.6 4.0 8.5 March …..: 10.90 15.70 17.80 9.1 6.3 6.8 April …..: 12.00 16.30 18.70 6.7 8.4 2.9 May …….: 12.60 16.50 18.60 4.8 4.3 1.9 June ……: 14.00 16.10 19.40 4.7 4.0 1.8 : MYA …….: 9.77 15.30 15.70 100.0 100.0 100.0 ———————————————————————————– 1/ Second year. Austrian Winter Peas Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013 [Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the United States marketing year of July – June. Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices] ———————————————————————————– : Prices received : Farm marketing percentages Month :———————————–:———————————– : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 ———————————————————————————– : ——- dollars per cwt —— ———- percent ———- : July ……: 15.80 (S) (S) 2.2 (S) (S) August ….: 16.70 19.30 20.50 19.8 20.4 8.8 September .: 16.60 (S) 20.90 28.3 (S) 31.8 October …: 16.80 19.70 20.90 34.1 26.8 12.2 November ..: 17.70 (S) (S) 4.3 (S) (S) December ..: (S) 19.10 20.60 (S) 5.7 7.9 January 1/ : (S) 19.90 21.00 (S) 18.9 13.5 February ..: 20.00 19.70 21.30 6.5 9.2 15.0 March …..: (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) (S) April …..: 18.50 (S) (S) 0.4 (S) (S) May …….: 19.00 (S) (S) 1.2 (S) (S) June ……: (S) (S) 17.80 (S) (S) 7.0 : MYA …….: 17.10 19.50 20.70 100.0 100.0 100.0 ———————————————————————————– (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 1/ Second year. Corn Prices Received and Farm Marketings by Month – United States: Marketing Years 2010-2011 through 2012-2013 [Marketing year average (MYA) prices are weighted average prices for the United States marketing year of September – August. Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as percent of total used for calculating MYA prices] ———————————————————————————– : Prices received : Farm marketing percentages Month :———————————–:———————————– : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 : 2010-2011 : 2011-2012 : 2012-2013 ———————————————————————————– : —- dollars per bushel —- ———- percent ———- : September .: 4.08 6.38 6.89 10.7 5.0 11.1 October …: 4.32 5.73 6.78 16.7 13.9 15.8 November ..: 4.55 5.83 7.01 8.5 12.6 9.4 December ..: 4.82 5.86 6.87 8.2 9.1 7.5 January 1/ : 4.94 6.07 6.96 15.7 15.2 14.0 February ..: 5.65 6.28 7.04 6.8 8.1 6.2 March …..: 5.53 6.35 7.13 7.4 8.8 8.7 April …..: 6.36 6.34 6.97 5.9 5.3 4.9 May …….: 6.32 6.34 6.97 4.7 5.1 5.2 June ……: 6.38 6.37 6.97 5.3 5.9 5.8 July ……: 6.33 7.14 6.79 5.5 5.7 6.0 August ….: 6.88 7.63 6.21 4.6 5.3 5.4 : MYA …….: 5.18 6.22 6.89 100.0 100.0 100.0 ———————————————————————————– 1/ Second year. Sorghum Grain Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012 ——————————————————————————– State : 2010 : 2011 : 2012 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : Arizona …………: 9.10 12.50 12.80 Arkansas ………..: 7.14 10.20 11.10 Colorado ………..: 9.00 10.70 12.50 Georgia …………: 6.65 11.70 12.70 Illinois ………..: 10.40 10.50 12.00 Kansas ………….: 9.00 10.70 12.00 Louisiana ……….: 6.90 10.20 11.50 Mississippi ……..: 7.02 10.20 10.90 Missouri ………..: 10.20 11.00 12.30 Nebraska ………..: 8.74 10.50 12.10 : New Mexico ………: 9.60 10.60 13.30 Oklahoma ………..: 9.00 10.80 12.00 South Dakota …….: 8.56 10.20 11.90 Texas …………..: 7.26 10.40 11.20 : United States ……: 8.96 10.70 11.30 ——————————————————————————– Sorghum Grain Farm Marketing Percent by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 [Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices. Blank cells indicate month is outside State’s designated marketing year] ————————————————————————————————————- State and : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Marketing :Jun :Jul :Aug :Sep :Oct :Nov :Dec :Jan :Feb :Mar :Apr :May :Jun :Jul :Aug Year : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : ————————————————————————————————————- : % : Arkansas : 2011-2012 …………………: 13 48 18 3 8 7 1 1 – – – 1 2012-2013 …………………: 49 30 4 2 4 5 1 1 3 – 1 – Illinois : 2011-2012 …………………: 3 15 38 1 13 1 2 22 – – – 5 2012-2013 …………………: 4 2 28 9 15 6 10 20 2 3 1 Kansas : 2011-2012 …………………: 1 11 28 19 13 9 7 4 3 2 2 1 2012-2013 …………………: 2 12 25 9 17 6 12 4 4 4 3 2 Louisiana : 2011-2012 …………………: 61 14 2 2 2 5 1 1 – – – 12 2012-2013 …………………: 65 20 6 1 1 4 2 – – – – 1 : Missouri : 2011-2012 …………………: 8 24 14 8 12 3 14 4 – 6 – 7 2012-2013 …………………: 7 9 31 11 12 7 6 3 4 4 4 2 Nebraska : 2011-2012 …………………: 1 20 17 22 13 7 8 2 3 3 3 1 2012-2013 …………………: 6 15 13 9 17 8 10 6 6 5 2 3 Oklahoma : 2011-2012 …………………: 9 4 3 26 21 10 7 11 4 1 1 3 2012-2013 …………………: 19 7 10 19 9 12 5 8 2 3 4 2 Texas : 2011-2012 …………………: 35 33 15 1 1 3 5 3 1 1 1 1 2012-2013 …………………: 7 39 18 4 10 9 4 5 1 2 – 1 : United States : 2011-2012 …………………: 2.6 8.1 16.4 12.2 8.5 5.2 4.4 2.7 1.6 4.2 19.4 14.7 2012-2013 …………………: 6.4 12.2 17.7 6.5 11.1 3.5 6.5 2.5 2.0 5.2 10.6 15.8 : ————————————————————————————————————- – Represents zero. Sorghum Grain Prices Received by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 —————————————————————————————– : 2011-2012 State :————————————————————————– : June : July : August :September:October :November:December:January 1/ —————————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : Arkansas …..: (S) (S) 10.90 10.10 9.71 9.74 (D) 11.00 Illinois …..: 11.60 12.20 (D) (S) 10.30 10.20 (D) 11.70 Kansas …….: 12.00 11.60 12.20 11.60 10.70 10.70 10.50 10.80 Louisiana ….: (S) (D) 10.10 10.20 (D) (D) (D) (D) Missouri …..: (D) 12.10 (D) 10.20 11.30 10.70 10.80 10.90 Nebraska …..: 12.30 12.40 11.70 11.50 10.70 10.40 9.74 10.20 Oklahoma …..: 12.30 11.10 11.80 11.90 10.40 10.20 10.50 10.80 Texas ……..: 10.00 10.30 10.60 12.10 10.90 10.70 11.80 11.40 : United States : 10.50 10.40 10.70 10.50 10.70 10.70 10.50 10.80 —————————————————————————————– : 2012-2013 State :————————————————————————– : June : July : August :September:October :November:December:January 1/ —————————————————————————————– : dollars per cwt : Arkansas …..: (S) (D) 11.10 11.00 10.10 (D) (D) 11.00 Illinois …..: (D) (S) (D) 12.80 (D) 11.40 11.40 11.80 Kansas …….: 10.40 12.50 13.30 12.40 12.20 12.30 12.10 12.20 Louisiana ….: (S) 11.10 11.60 11.30 10.90 (D) (D) (D) Missouri …..: (D) (S) 12.90 11.80 11.90 12.40 12.30 11.90 Nebraska …..: 10.90 12.00 12.20 11.70 12.40 12.20 11.70 12.20 Oklahoma …..: 11.10 12.20 12.80 11.80 12.00 12.10 11.70 11.80 Texas ……..: 9.23 10.50 10.90 11.50 12.70 12.80 12.50 11.70 : United States : 9.56 10.60 11.30 11.50 12.40 12.40 12.20 12.00 —————————————————————————————– See footnote(s) at end of table. –continued Sorghum Grain Prices Received by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 (continued) ———————————————————————————— : 2011-2012 State :——————————————————————— :February : March : April : May : June : July : August ———————————————————————————— : dollars per cwt : Arkansas …..: (D) (D) (D) (S) (S) (D) 11.10 Illinois …..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (S) (D) Kansas …….: 10.80 10.90 10.60 10.30 10.40 12.50 13.30 Louisiana ….: (D) (D) (D) (S) (S) 11.10 11.60 Missouri …..: 10.70 10.90 (D) (S) (D) (S) 12.90 Nebraska …..: 10.60 10.90 10.90 10.90 10.90 12.00 12.20 Oklahoma …..: 10.90 11.20 10.90 10.40 11.10 12.20 12.80 Texas ……..: 11.20 11.40 11.60 11.50 9.23 10.50 10.90 : United States : 10.80 10.90 10.60 10.40 9.56 10.60 11.30 ———————————————————————————— : 2012-2013 State :——————————————————————— :February : March : April : May : June : July : August ———————————————————————————— : dollars per cwt : Arkansas …..: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (S) (D) Illinois …..: 12.30 12.40 12.90 (D) 11.90 (D) (D) Kansas …….: 12.10 12.20 11.20 11.30 11.80 10.60 9.88 Louisiana ….: (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) 8.85 Missouri …..: 12.80 12.70 11.90 (D) (D) 12.50 11.90 Nebraska …..: 12.20 12.50 (D) 12.00 12.40 11.50 10.20 Oklahoma …..: 11.70 12.00 11.20 11.10 11.40 10.80 8.81 Texas ……..: 12.20 11.80 10.70 11.50 (D) 9.48 8.68 : United States : 12.10 12.20 11.60 11.40 11.10 9.63 8.82 ———————————————————————————— (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. (S) Insufficient number of reports to establish an estimate. 1/ Second year. Soybean Market Year Average Prices Received – States and United States: Marketing Years 2010 through 2012 ——————————————————————————– State : 2010 : 2011 : 2012 ——————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Alabama …………: 11.10 12.00 14.60 Arkansas ………..: 10.90 12.30 14.30 Delaware ………..: 12.20 12.20 14.40 Florida …………: 11.00 11.00 14.00 Georgia …………: 11.70 12.10 14.60 Illinois ………..: 11.80 12.80 14.60 Indiana …………: 11.50 12.70 14.70 Iowa ……………: 11.20 12.60 14.40 Kansas ………….: 11.50 12.10 14.30 Kentucky ………..: 11.40 12.40 14.50 : Louisiana ……….: 10.50 12.00 14.70 Maryland ………..: 12.00 12.10 14.20 Michigan ………..: 11.10 12.10 14.00 Minnesota ……….: 10.90 12.40 14.30 Mississippi ……..: 10.40 12.00 14.50 Missouri ………..: 11.70 12.50 14.50 Nebraska ………..: 11.00 12.00 14.10 New Jersey ………: 11.70 12.10 13.90 New York ………..: 11.40 12.30 13.60 North Carolina …..: 12.00 12.10 14.00 : North Dakota …….: 10.90 11.90 14.00 Ohio ……………: 11.50 13.00 14.60 Oklahoma ………..: 11.40 11.90 14.40 Pennsylvania …….: 12.10 12.50 14.20 South Carolina …..: 11.80 12.00 14.50 South Dakota …….: 10.90 12.20 14.20 Tennessee ……….: 11.10 12.20 14.60 Texas …………..: 10.40 12.00 14.60 Virginia ………..: 12.00 12.10 14.00 West Virginia ……: 12.00 12.40 14.30 Wisconsin ……….: 10.80 12.40 14.00 : United States ……: 11.30 12.50 14.40 ——————————————————————————– Soybean Prices Received by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 ——————————————————————————————– : 2011-2012 State :—————————————————————————- : August :September : October : November : December :January 1/: February ——————————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Arkansas ……: 13.20 11.80 12.00 12.10 11.80 12.20 12.40 Illinois ……: 13.70 12.80 11.90 11.90 11.80 12.10 12.40 Indiana …….: 13.70 12.90 11.80 11.80 11.90 12.20 12.50 Iowa ……….: 13.50 12.60 11.80 11.60 11.30 11.80 12.10 Kansas ……..: 13.50 12.10 11.60 11.30 11.00 11.50 12.00 Kentucky ……: 13.50 12.60 12.00 12.10 11.70 12.30 12.50 Louisiana …..: 11.80 12.00 12.00 11.90 11.70 12.20 12.60 Michigan ……: 13.30 13.00 11.60 11.50 11.20 11.70 12.10 Minnesota …..: 13.00 11.90 11.50 11.50 11.20 11.70 12.00 Mississippi …: 13.60 11.80 11.80 11.90 12.00 11.90 12.30 : Missouri ……: 13.70 12.70 11.90 11.80 11.80 12.00 12.40 Nebraska ……: 13.30 11.70 11.70 11.50 11.20 11.40 11.90 North Carolina : 14.00 13.30 11.90 11.40 11.30 11.80 12.40 North Dakota ..: 12.80 11.60 11.40 11.20 11.10 11.30 11.70 Ohio ……….: 13.60 13.50 11.90 11.80 11.80 12.20 12.60 South Dakota ..: 13.00 11.50 11.50 11.50 11.10 11.60 12.00 Tennessee …..: 13.00 11.70 11.90 12.10 12.00 12.10 12.40 Wisconsin …..: 13.40 13.40 11.70 11.90 11.40 11.90 12.20 : United States .: 13.40 12.20 11.80 11.70 11.50 11.90 12.20 ——————————————————————————————– : 2012-2013 State :—————————————————————————- : August :September : October : November : December :January 1/: February ——————————————————————————————– : dollars per bushel : Arkansas ……: 14.70 14.10 14.30 14.50 14.60 14.50 14.90 Illinois ……: 16.70 15.20 14.40 14.70 14.30 14.30 14.70 Indiana …….: 16.40 14.80 14.50 14.60 14.50 14.60 14.80 Iowa ……….: 16.80 14.40 14.10 14.30 14.30 14.10 14.60 Kansas ……..: 16.60 14.40 14.30 14.10 14.10 14.00 14.50 Kentucky ……: 16.40 14.80 14.30 14.40 14.50 14.50 14.60 Louisiana …..: 13.90 15.00 14.80 14.50 14.50 15.40 14.70 Michigan ……: 15.90 13.60 14.00 13.80 14.10 13.50 13.60 Minnesota …..: 16.60 14.20 14.10 14.10 14.10 14.20 14.40 Mississippi …: (D) 14.30 13.90 14.40 14.80 14.70 15.90 : Missouri ……: 16.90 15.30 14.40 14.30 14.30 14.30 14.80 Nebraska ……: 16.60 13.70 14.00 14.00 14.20 13.90 14.40 North Carolina : 17.00 16.20 14.30 13.80 13.70 14.00 14.20 North Dakota ..: 15.40 14.20 13.90 13.90 14.10 13.80 14.10 Ohio ……….: 16.50 14.80 14.30 14.30 14.50 14.60 14.80 South Dakota ..: 16.00 14.20 13.80 14.20 14.20 13.90 14.40 Tennessee …..: 15.00 14.30 14.50 14.50 14.90 14.50 15.10 Wisconsin …..: 16.60 13.50 13.90 14.10 14.00 13.90 14.40 : United States .: 16.20 14.30 14.20 14.30 14.30 14.30 14.60 ——————————————————————————————– See footnote(s) at end of table. –continued Soybean Prices Received by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 (continued) ————————————————————————————— : 2011-2012 State :———————————————————————– : March : April : May : June : July : August ————————————————————————————— : dollars per bushel : Arkansas ……: 13.20 14.00 13.80 14.30 16.50 14.70 Illinois ……: 13.10 14.10 14.30 14.10 15.60 16.70 Indiana …….: 13.10 14.00 14.10 14.10 15.90 16.40 Iowa ……….: 12.80 13.60 13.80 13.70 15.00 16.80 Kansas ……..: 12.90 13.60 13.70 13.90 15.50 16.60 Kentucky ……: 13.10 14.20 14.50 13.80 16.40 16.40 Louisiana …..: 12.90 13.90 13.60 (D) 14.20 13.90 Michigan ……: 12.90 13.70 13.70 13.90 15.50 15.90 Minnesota …..: 12.80 13.70 13.70 13.60 15.20 16.60 Mississippi …: 13.10 13.60 (D) 14.00 (D) (D) : Missouri ……: 13.10 13.90 14.10 14.10 16.20 16.90 Nebraska ……: 12.70 13.60 13.80 13.60 15.30 16.60 North Carolina : 13.30 14.00 14.10 14.50 15.70 17.00 North Dakota ..: 12.60 13.20 13.60 13.50 14.70 15.40 Ohio ……….: 13.50 13.70 14.30 14.20 15.70 16.50 South Dakota ..: 12.80 13.70 13.30 13.50 14.90 16.00 Tennessee …..: 13.40 14.10 14.30 13.60 15.60 15.00 Wisconsin …..: 12.90 13.40 13.70 14.10 14.80 16.60 : United States .: 13.00 13.80 14.00 13.90 15.40 16.20 ————————————————————————————— : 2012-2013 State :———————————————————————– : March : April : May : June : July : August ————————————————————————————— : dollars per bushel : Arkansas ……: 14.10 14.20 15.00 15.20 14.80 (D) Illinois ……: 14.70 14.60 15.10 15.50 15.50 14.20 Indiana …….: 15.00 14.70 15.10 15.60 15.80 14.90 Iowa ……….: 14.60 14.40 14.90 15.20 15.40 14.20 Kansas ……..: 14.40 14.00 14.60 14.90 15.00 13.90 Kentucky ……: 15.00 14.60 15.10 15.50 (D) 13.60 Louisiana …..: 14.00 14.40 15.10 15.90 (D) (D) Michigan ……: 14.20 13.80 14.50 15.00 15.00 14.40 Minnesota …..: 14.40 14.20 14.70 14.80 15.00 14.30 Mississippi …: 14.00 14.50 (D) 15.60 14.10 12.70 : Missouri ……: 14.80 14.40 14.80 15.30 15.50 13.70 Nebraska ……: 14.40 14.10 14.70 15.00 15.10 13.50 North Carolina : 14.20 14.40 15.00 15.00 14.70 14.20 North Dakota ..: 13.90 13.50 14.00 14.40 14.30 13.10 Ohio ……….: 14.80 14.50 14.90 15.30 15.70 14.60 South Dakota ..: 14.30 14.00 14.60 14.70 14.90 13.80 Tennessee …..: 14.90 14.60 15.00 15.50 (D) 13.20 Wisconsin …..: 14.40 14.10 14.60 14.90 15.10 14.40 : United States .: 14.60 14.40 14.90 15.10 15.30 14.10 ————————————————————————————— (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations. 1/ Second year. Soybean Farm Marketing Percent by Month – States and United States: Marketing Years 2011-2012 and 2012-2013 [Monthly farm marketings, based on a sample survey, as a percent of total used for calculating marketing year average prices. Blank cells indicate month is outside State’s designated marketing year] —————————————————————————————————————— State and : : : : : : : : : : : : : Marketing : Aug : Sep : Oct : Nov : Dec : Jan : Feb : Mar : Apr : May : Jun : Jul : Aug Year : : : : : : : : : : : : : —————————————————————————————————————— : % : Arkansas : 2011-2012 ……………………: 9 26 27 10 13 3 2 1 – 1 1 7 2012-2013 ……………………: 16 36 17 13 8 3 1 1 1 – 1 3 Illinois : 2011-2012 ……………………: 2 15 5 10 24 12 9 7 4 5 5 2 2012-2013 ……………………: 4 20 9 10 23 9 4 5 7 3 4 2 Indiana : 2011-2012 ……………………: 3 28 8 5 15 11 9 5 5 4 4 3 2012-2013 ……………………: 6 31 8 7 15 7 5 5 6 3 4 3 Iowa : 2011-2012 ……………………: 3 27 4 6 12 11 11 9 3 4 6 4 2012-2013 ……………………: 11 20 9 5 12 7 8 6 9 5 5 3 : Kansas : 2011-2012 ……………………: 3 27 11 14 11 12 8 5 2 1 3 3 2012-2013 ……………………: 4 28 11 10 17 7 5 5 5 3 3 2 Kentucky : 2011-2012 ……………………: 1 17 19 11 28 10 6 3 1 1 2 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 4 16 13 9 36 6 5 3 4 2 1 1 Louisiana : 2011-2012 ……………………: 11 33 22 8 8 9 5 2 1 – – 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 14 29 22 8 14 9 2 1 1 – – – Michigan : 2011-2012 ……………………: 1 34 14 8 12 10 9 5 3 2 1 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 7 40 11 5 11 6 3 3 5 4 3 2 : Minnesota : 2011-2012 ……………………: 6 22 6 7 13 11 9 6 4 7 6 3 2012-2013 ……………………: 24 14 4 7 13 6 5 5 6 6 8 2 Mississippi : 2011-2012 ……………………: 2 20 22 10 22 14 6 2 1 – – 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 3 24 17 7 33 7 5 1 1 1 1 – Missouri : 2011-2012 ……………………: 4 24 12 10 15 11 10 6 2 2 3 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 3 23 15 8 15 7 6 6 7 5 3 2 Nebraska : 2011-2012 ……………………: 5 31 7 12 13 13 7 5 1 2 2 2 2012-2013 ……………………: 14 29 5 12 14 6 5 3 5 3 3 1 : North Carolina : 2011-2012 ……………………: 1 9 28 20 17 8 5 4 3 1 1 3 2012-2013 ……………………: 1 7 27 19 21 6 6 3 3 2 2 3 North Dakota : 2011-2012 ……………………: 5 24 8 9 14 16 9 4 3 4 3 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 23 14 6 15 16 7 4 3 3 3 4 2 Ohio : 2011-2012 ……………………: 1 17 13 8 12 12 10 7 4 5 6 5 2012-2013 ……………………: 5 24 8 9 23 8 5 5 5 3 3 2 South Dakota : 2011-2012 ……………………: 4 29 4 7 11 14 10 7 4 4 3 3 2012-2013 ……………………: 23 14 4 11 12 9 4 4 5 4 7 3 : Tennessee : 2011-2012 ……………………: 4 38 23 9 13 3 3 2 1 1 2 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 8 27 23 11 16 6 2 2 2 1 1 1 Wisconsin : 2011-2012 ……………………: 1 32 10 5 13 8 6 9 1 13 1 1 2012-2013 ……………………: 14 37 7 4 12 6 5 3 5 3 3 1 : United States : 2011-2012 ……………………: 3.8 23.8 8.8 8.5 15.0 11.1 8.7 5.9 3.0 4.2 4.0 3.2 2012-2013 ……………………: 11.7 22.3 8.7 9.3 15.9 7.1 5.0 4.3 5.9 3.6 3.9 2.3 —————————————————————————————————————— – Represents zero. Reliability of Prices Received Estimates Definition: Prices received represent sales from producers to first buyers. They include all grades and qualities. The average commodity price from the survey multiplied by the total quantity marketed theoretically should give the total cash receipts for the commodity. Survey procedures: Primary sales data used to determine grain prices were obtained from probability samples of about 1900 mills and elevators. These procedures ensure that virtually all grain moving into commercial channels has a chance of being included in the survey. Generally, States surveyed account for 90 percent or more of total United States production. Livestock prices are obtained from packers, stockyards, auctions, dealers, and market check data from AMS-USDA, private marketing organizations, and state commodity groups and agencies. Inter-farm sales of grain and livestock are not included since they represent very small percentages of the total sales. Grain marketed for seed is also excluded. Fruit and vegetable prices are obtained from sample surveys and market check data from AMS-USDA, private marketing organizations, state agencies, and universities. Summary and estimation procedures: Survey quantities sold are expanded by strata to state levels and used to weight average strata prices to a state average. State prices are then weighted to a United States price based on expanded sales. Recommendations are prepared by the State Field Offices and reviewed by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. State recommendations are reviewed for reasonableness with survey data, other States, and recent historic estimates. Revisions: For most items, the current month’s preliminary price represents a 3-5 day period around the 15th of the month. Previous month’s prices represent actual dollars received for quantities sold during the entire month. Revisions are published in monthly issues of Agricultural Prices. Reliability: United States price estimates based on probability surveys generally have a sampling error of less than one percent for the major commodities such as corn, wheat, soybeans, cotton, and rice. Current methods of summarization for non-probability commodities are not designed directly to calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures approximate the United States relative sampling errors at around five percent. Any non- sampling errors are attributed to such things as the inability to obtain correct information, differences in interpreting questions or definitions, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non-sampling errors. Prices Paid by Farmers The September Index of Prices Paid for Commodities and Services, Interest, Taxes, and Farm Wage Rates (PPITW), at 213 (1990-1992=100), is down 1.4 percent from August and down 1.8 percent from September 2012. Production index: The September index, at 224, decreased 2.2 percent from last month and 3.4 percent from last year. Lower prices in September for concentrates, nitrogen, feed grains, and mixed fertilizer more than offset higher prices for feeder cattle, diesel, LP gas, and feeder pigs. Feed: The September index, at 237, decreased 7.1 percent from August and decreased 17 percent from last September. Since August, prices for concentrates, feed grains, complete feeds, supplements, and hay & forages are lower. Livestock and poultry: The September index, at 174, increased 1.8 percent from last month and 11 percent from last year. Since August, prices for feeder cattle and feeder pigs are higher. The September feeder cattle price, at $153.90 per cwt, is up $2.20 per cwt from the August price. September feeder pigs averaged $142.00 per cwt, up $8.00 per cwt from August. Fertilizer: The September index, at 251, is down 10 percent from August and 22 percent below September a year ago. Since August, prices for nitrogen, mixed fertilizer, and potash & phosphate are lower. Chemicals: The September index, at 157, decreased 0.6 percent from August but increased 1.9 percent from last September. Compared with last month, prices for herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides/other are lower. Fuels: The September index, at 366, is up 1.7 percent from a month earlier but 1.3 percent below September 2012. Compared with last month, prices are higher for diesel and LP gas but lower for gasoline. Machinery: The September index, at 263, is unchanged from August but 1.5 percent above last September. Compared with last month, prices for self- propelled machinery are lower. Consumer price index: The August 2013 Consumer Price Index, as issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, for all urban consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.1 percent before seasonal adjustment to a level of 233.877 (1982-1984=100). The July index is 233.596. For the 12 month period ending in August, the overall index increased 1.5 percent. Prices Paid Indexes and Related Parity Ratios – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at http://www.nass.usda.gov] ——————————————————————————————————————— : 1910-1914 Base : 1990-1992 Base Indexes :———————————————————————————– and : September : August : September : September : August : September ratios : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ——————————————————————————————————————— : percent : Prices paid by farmers for : commodities, services, : interest, taxes, and wage : rates (PPITW) ……………….: 2892 2881 2831 217 216 213 Production ………………..: 2252 2220 2169 232 229 224 Feed ……………………: 1393 1244 1155 285 255 237 Livestock and poultry …….: 2004 2186 2221 157 171 174 Seeds …………………..: 3606 3776 3776 364 381 381 Fertilizer ………………: 1180 1028 922 322 280 251 Chemicals ……………….: 954 974 972 154 158 157 Fuels …………………..: 2859 2779 2827 371 360 366 Supplies and repairs ……..: 1220 1222 1219 172 172 172 : Autos and trucks …………: 3124 3170 3161 117 119 119 Machinery ……………….: 6493 6603 6585 259 263 263 Building materials ……….: 2396 2438 2442 176 179 180 Services and rent ………..: 2193 2245 2246 (NA) (NA) (NA) Services ………………..: (NA) (NA) (NA) 168 172 172 Rent ……………………: (NA) (NA) (NA) 212 217 217 : Interest 1/ ……………….: 3684 3594 3594 147 143 143 Taxes 2/ ………………….: 6080 6273 6273 227 234 234 Wage rates ………………..: 7340 7696 7696 196 206 206 Production, interest, taxes, : and wage rates (PITW) …….: 3029 3008 2948 225 224 219 Family living-CPI 3/ ……….: 2198 2221 2224 172 173 174 : Ratio (received/paid) ………: (NA) (NA) (NA) 90 88 87 Parity ratio 4/ ……………: 43 42 42 (NA) (NA) (NA) Parity ratio adjusted 5/ ……: 44 43 43 (NA) (NA) (NA) PPITW adjusted for : productivity 6/ ………….: 1500 1486 1479 (NA) (NA) (NA) : Crop sector (PPITW) ………..: (NA) (NA) (NA) 222 223 220 Livestock sector (PPITW) ……: (NA) (NA) (NA) 212 209 205 : Farm sector (production) ……: (NA) (NA) (NA) 256 250 242 Non-farm sector (production) ..: (NA) (NA) (NA) 219 217 213 ——————————————————————————————————————— (NA) Not available. 1/ Interest per acre on farm real estate debt and interest rate on farm non-real estate debt. 2/ Farm real estate taxes payable per acre. 3/ Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers (CPI-U), for the previous month converted by the USDA. 4/ Ratio of index of prices received to PPITW (1910-1914=100). 5/ Based on estimated cash receipts, from marketings and government payments, the preliminary adjustment factor is 1.044 for 2013 and the revised factor is 1.041 for 2012. 6/ PPITW is adjusted based on productivity trend for the prior 15 years. Prices Paid Indexes and Annual Weights for Input Components and Sub-components – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Revised historical price indexes for months not shown are available at http://www.nass.usda.gov. Relative weights are a five year moving average] ————————————————————————————- : Relative weights : Indexes (1990-1992=100) :——————————————————- : : :September: August :September : 2012 : 2013 : 2012 : 2013 : 2013 ————————————————————————————- : percent : Production items …………: 71.1 71.9 232 229 224 : Feed ………………….: 12.7 13.4 285 255 237 Feed grains ………….: 1.8 1.9 294 261 225 Complete feeds ……….: 6.2 6.6 290 264 259 Hay and forages ………: 1.6 1.7 239 234 227 Concentrates …………: 2.0 2.1 297 252 194 Supplements ………….: 1.1 1.1 288 229 218 Livestock and poultry …..: 8.3 8.0 157 171 174 Feeder cattle ………..: 6.5 6.3 171 179 182 Feeder pigs ………….: 0.7 0.6 46 146 155 Milk cow replacements …: 0.7 0.7 126 121 121 Poultry ……………..: 0.5 0.5 166 166 166 : Seeds …………………: 4.3 4.4 364 381 381 Field crops ………….: 3.9 4.0 384 402 402 Grasses and legumes …..: 0.4 0.4 178 184 184 Fertilizer …………….: 5.7 6.1 322 280 251 Mixed fertilizer ……..: 2.5 2.7 286 268 246 Nitrogen …………….: 2.4 2.6 340 278 238 Potash and phosphate ….: 0.8 0.9 382 328 311 Chemicals ……………..: 3.2 3.2 154 158 157 Herbicides …………..: 2.0 2.0 139 141 140 Insecticides …………: 0.7 0.7 177 184 183 Fungicides and other ….: 0.5 0.5 185 190 190 : Fuels …………………: 4.0 4.0 371 360 366 Diesel ………………: 2.5 2.5 419 391 397 Gasoline …………….: 0.8 0.8 333 309 306 LP gas ………………: 0.7 0.7 238 311 327 Supplies and repairs ……: 4.6 4.5 172 172 172 Supplies …………….: 1.5 1.5 167 167 167 Repairs ……………..: 3.0 3.0 174 175 174 Autos and trucks ……….: 1.2 1.2 117 119 119 Autos ……………….: 0.2 0.2 115 116 115 Trucks ………………: 1.1 1.1 118 120 119 : Machinery ……………..: 4.3 4.5 259 263 263 Tractors …………….: 0.9 1.0 214 216 216 Self-propelled ……….: 1.7 1.8 274 280 278 Other machinery ………: 1.6 1.7 268 273 273 Building materials ……..: 4.2 4.1 176 179 180 Services ………………: 12.0 11.7 168 172 172 Custom rates …………: 1.2 1.2 157 157 157 Other services ……….: 10.7 10.5 170 174 174 Rent ………………….: 6.6 6.7 212 217 217 Cash ………………..: 3.5 3.6 270 278 278 Share ……………….: 3.0 3.1 145 147 147 : Interest ………………..: 3.4 3.2 147 143 143 Taxes …………………..: 3.1 3.1 227 234 234 Wage rates ………………: 7.2 6.9 196 206 206 Family living-CPI ………..: 15.3 15.0 172 173 174 ————————————————————————————- Feed Price Ratios – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons —————————————————————————————————- : : : Preliminary Feed price ratio 1/ :September 2012: August 2013 :September 2013 —————————————————————————————————- : Broiler-feed: pounds of broiler grower feed equal : in value to 1 pound of broiler, live weight 2/ ……: 2.8 3.3 3.5 : Market egg feed: pounds of laying feed equal in : value to 1 dozen eggs 3/ ……………………….: 7.0 6.1 6.4 : Hog-corn: bushels of corn equal in value to : 100 pounds of hog, live weight ………………….: 8.1 11.9 13.1 : Milk-feed: pounds of 16% mixed dairy feed equal : in value to 1 pound of whole milk 4/ …………….: 1.59 1.68 1.86 : Steer and heifer-corn: bushels of corn equal in value : to 100 pounds of steer & heifers, live weight …….: 18.1 20.1 23.9 : Turkey-feed: pounds of turkey grower equal in : value to 1 pound of turkey, live weight 5/ ……….: 4.8 4.6 4.9 —————————————————————————————————- 1/ Effective January 1995, prices of commercial prepared feeds are based on current United States prices received for corn, soybeans, alfalfa hay, and all wheat. 2/ The price of commercial prepared broiler feed is based on current United States prices received for corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 58 percent corn and 42 percent soybeans. 3/ The price of commercial prepared layer feed is based on current United States prices received for corn and soybeans. The modeled feed uses 75 percent corn and 25 percent soybeans. 4/ The price of commercial prepared dairy feed is based on current United States prices received for corn, soybeans, and alfalfa hay. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 41 percent alfalfa hay, and 8 percent soybeans. 5/ The price of commercial prepared turkey feed is based on current United States prices received for corn, soybeans, and wheat. The modeled feed uses 51 percent corn, 28 percent soybeans, and 21 percent wheat. Prices Received Used to Calculate Feed Price Ratios – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Price data source for livestock and poultry commodities is United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service] —————————————————————————— : : : Preliminary Item :September 2012 : August 2013 :September 2013 —————————————————————————— : dollars : Broilers, live ……….pound: 0.480 0.530 0.530 Eggs, market …………dozen: 1.060 0.870 0.823 : Hogs, all ……………..cwt: 55.70 74.20 69.20 Milk, all ……………..cwt: 19.70 19.50 19.80 : Steers and heifers ……..cwt: 125.00 125.00 126.00 Turkeys, live ………..pound: 0.762 0.674 0.667 : Corn ……………….bushel: 6.89 6.21 5.28 Hay, alfalfa …………..ton: 206.00 200.00 194.00 : Soybeans ……………bushel: 14.30 14.10 13.80 Wheat, all ………….bushel: 8.27 6.87 6.75 —————————————————————————— Prices Paid for Feeder Livestock – United States: September 2013 with Comparisons [Price data source is United States Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Marketing Service] —————————————————————————— : : : Preliminary Item :September 2012 : August 2013 :September 2013 —————————————————————————— : dollars : Feeder cattle and calves ..cwt: 144.60 151.70 153.90 Feeder pigs ……………cwt: 42.00 134.00 142.00 —————————————————————————— Reliability of Prices Paid Estimates Definition: Prices paid by farmers represent the average costs of inputs purchased by farmers and ranchers to produce agricultural commodities. Conceptually, the average price when multiplied by quantity purchased should equal total producer expenditures for the item. Survey procedures: The prices paid data are obtained from establishments that sell goods and services to farmers and ranchers. Annually, about 8,500 firms are randomly selected from lists by type of item sold with an average response rate in the range of 75-80 percent. Firms are asked to report the price for the specified item “most commonly bought by farmers” or that was the “volume seller”. Approximately 135 items are surveyed each March to represent all production input items purchased. The survey reference period for most items is the five business days centered at the 15th of the month. Separate prices paid surveys are conducted for agricultural chemicals, fuels, feed, fertilizer, machinery, and seed. Summary and estimation procedures: The annual March Prices Paid Survey is summarized as a non-probability survey. Average prices reported are aggregated to the region and United States level using weights available from expenditure data and other administrative sources. Price recommendations are prepared by the State Field Offices and Headquarters for review by the Agricultural Statistics Board in Washington, D.C. Also, the change in price level for individual items surveyed are combined to the regional and United States levels, and are published as prices paid indexes referenced to a specific base period. Prices paid indexes for new autos and trucks, building materials, farm supplies, motor supplies, and marketing containers are updated based on price changes measured in selected Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indexes. Revisions: Any revisions are published in the monthly and in annual issues of Agricultural Prices. The basis for revision must be supported by additional data that directly affect the level of the estimate. More revisions are likely for March when separate prices paid surveys are conducted, in lieu of BLS indexes, by the USDA to measure price change. Reliability: Current methods of summarization for the March data are not designed directly to calculate sampling errors. However, analytical measures approximate the United States relative sampling errors for major items around 10 percent. Any non-sampling errors are attributed to such things as the inability to obtain correct information, differences in interpreting questions or definitions, mistakes in coding or processing the data, etc. Efforts are made at each step in the survey process to minimize these non- sampling errors. Program change: Effective January 1, 1995, the National Agricultural Statistics Service updated the weights and changed the construction of its prices paid and received by farmers’ indexes. A Federal Register Notice dated October 28, 1994 discussed these program modifications. A 1990-1992 reference and base period replaced the 1977 reference and 1971- 1973 base weight period. Five-year moving average weights replaced the current fixed 1971-1973 base period weights. The 1910-1914=100 price indexes, required by statute for computing parity prices, were linked forward based on the changes in the new 1990-1992=100 indexes. The new indexes were constructed by multiplying the ratios of the current prices to the base period prices by the moving average weights (adjusted for seasonal marketing patterns for the prices received indexes). Information Contacts General Troy Joshua, Chief, Environmental, Economics and Demographics Branch…………………………… (202) 720-6146 Below are the commodity specialists to contact for additional information. Crop Prices Received Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch ………………………………………………………….. (202) 720-2127 Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section………………………………………………… (202) 720-2127 Angie Considine – Peanuts, Rice………………………………………………………….. (202) 720-7688 Brent Chittenden – Oats, Rye, Wheat……………………………………………………… (202) 720-8068 Angie Considine – Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum…………………………………………. (202) 720-7688 Chris Hawthorn – Corn, Proso Millet, Flaxseed……………………………………………… (202) 720-9526 Anthony Prillaman – Crop Weather, Barley, Hay……………………………………………… (202) 720-2127 Travis Thorson – Soybeans, Sunflower, Other Oilseeds……………………………………….. (202) 720-7369 Jorge Garcia-Pratts, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section………………………… (202) 720-2127 Debbie Flippin – Fresh and Processing Vegetables, Onions, Strawberries……………………….. (202) 720-2157 Fred Granja – Apples, Apricots, Cherries, Plums, Prunes, Tobacco ……………………………. (202) 720-4288 Jorge Garcia-Pratts – Floriculture, Maple Syrup, Nursery, Tree Nuts …………………………. (202) 720-2127 Lakeya Jones – Citrus, Coffee, Sugar Crops, Grapes, Tropical Fruits………………………….. (202) 720-5412 Daphne Schauber – Berries, Cranberries, Potatoes, Sweet Potatoes ……………………………. (202) 720-4285 Dan Norris – Austrian Winter Peas, Dry Edible Peas, Lentils, Mints, Mushrooms, Peaches, Pears, Wrinkled Seed Peas, Dry Beans …………………………………………………………. (202) 720-3250 Livestock Prices Received Dan Kerestes, Chief, Livestock Branch………………………………………………………. (202) 720-3570 Scott Hollis, Head, Livestock Section………………………………………………………. (202) 720-3570 Travis Averill – Cattle…………………………………………………………………. (202) 720-3040 Mike Miller – Milk, Milk Cows…………………………………………………………… (202) 720-3278 Doug Bounds – Hogs…………………………………………………………………….. (202) 720-3106 Alissa Cowell-Mytar – Sheep, Lambs, and Goats…………………………………………….. (202) 720-4751 Bruce Boess, Head, Poultry and Specialty Commodities Section………………………………….. (202) 720-3570 Cody Brokmeyer – Turkeys……………………………………………………………….. (202) 690-3237 Tom Kruchten – Honey…………………………………………………………………… (202) 690-4870 Kim Linonis – Eggs……………………………………………………………………… (202) 690-8632 Miste Salmon – Broilers…………………………………………………………………. (202) 720-3244 Indexes, Prices Paid, and Parity Prices Troy Joshua, Chief, Environmental, Economics and Demographics Branch……………………………………………………………………. (202) 720-6146 Tony Dorn, Head, Economics Section…………………………………………………………. (202) 690-3223 Daryl Brinkman – Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices……………………………………. (202) 720-8844 Chris Dickerson – Prices Received Indexes, Parity Prices, Grazing Fees………………………. (202) 690-1348 Vincent Davis – Prices Paid Indexes, Prices Paid for Feed, Fertilizer, Agricultural Chemicals, Seeds, Farm Supplies and Repairs, Farm Machinery, Fuels, Feeder Livestock, Poultry Chicks, Feed Price Ratios, Autos & Trucks……………………………………………………… (202) 690-3229 Access to NASS Reports For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following ways: All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web site: http://www.nass.usda.gov Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e- mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit http://www.nass.usda.gov and in the “Follow NASS” box under “Receive reports by Email,” click on “National” or “State” to select the reports you would like to receive. For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: nass@nass.usda.gov. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the bases of race, color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs and/or employment activities.) If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online at http://www.ascr.usda.gov/complaint_filing_cust.html, or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at program.intake@usda.gov.